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Local History

The magnificent Scottish Borders cover some 18,000 square miles. Steeped in history it is an extraordinary blend of gentle green farming landscapes with breathtaking views of the River Tweed and the ancient coastal fishing villages of Berwickshire. With grand historic mansions, castle ruins, abbeys, gardens and some of the finest sporting leisure activities in the land it is a place of immense interest.

Coldstream, sometimes called the 'Gateway to Scotland', is situated where the Tweed forms a natural boundary between Scotland and England. Much of the history centres around the feuding of the two nations and the famous Border Reivers. The Coldstream Museum stands on the site of the Coldstream Guards last headquarters in Scotland. Now the oldest regiment in continual existence, their motto 'Nulli Secundus' meaning 'Second to None', is a sharp reminder of the days when in 1650 General Monck, chosen by Cromwell to command five companies, then nicknamed the regiment the 'Coldstreamers'.

Every year in early August the town celebrates Civic Week. The main event is a Rideout to Flodden Field to remember the Battle of Flodden in 1513 in which 10,000 Scots lost their lives including King James 1V.

Coldstream fondly remembers Lord Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, who as personal private secretary to the then Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain prior to the Second World War, later became, as Sir Alec Douglas-home, Prime Minister.

Welcome to the Scottish Borders Marriage House Coldstream Museum River Tweed Alec Douglas Home Skye